We all know that drinking unsafe water can lead to serious health problems especially because water plays a great role in making our body functions soundly. Drinking and contacting with unclean water makes people sick. The most common illnesses that unclean water causes to humans are nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, upset stomach, cramps and skin allergies. Consuming dirty water for a long period of time may cause leukemia and infertility problems. Mental disorders and learning disabilities can also be attributed to drinking polluted water for a prolonged time.
There are about five kinds of water-related diseases. These are water-borne, water-based, water-washed, water-related insect vector and those that are caused by improper sanitation. Known water-borne diseases are typhoid, dysentery, hepatitis and cholera. These diseases are acquired when people drink water that is contaminated with human and animal wastes. These diseases are somehow life threatening. Water-based diseases are those that spread by water organisms such as worms. When unclean water is used in cleaning and washing the body, these organisms may infiltrate the skin and create serious infection.
The most common water-based disease is the Schistosomiasis. Water-washed diseases are illnesses that are acquired when there are not enough water supplies resulting to improper hygiene. However, these can be prevented with proper hygiene. Common water-washed diseases are scabies, trachoma, dysentery, conjunctivitis and leprosy. Water-related insect vector diseases are those that are spread by insects which breed on water. The most common ones are the filariasis and malaria. Malaria is known to be a deadly illness especially to children. Unfitting and poor water sanitation also causes serious illnesses. When there is no proper waste management because of inadequate water supply, stools, feces and other wastes of both human and animals may be spread easily causing terrible diseases and illnesses.
Another water-related disease is the cyanobacterial toxins. These are also known as blue-green algae that has characteristics both of that of algae and bacteria. These toxins affect the human body parts kidney, nervous system, intestines.
These can be acquired in marine waters. Symptoms of this disease when water contaminated with these toxins are nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, headache, fever, sore throat, muscle pain and joint pain, skin irritation and liver damage. While those that have physical contact with the water may suffer allergic reactions like eye irritation, rashes, blisters and asthma.
Diseases that are acquired through polluted water are serious ones and can cause death. Safe and clean water is a human need that is not to be taken for granted.